Medical and Life Sciences <p>Medical and Life sciences (MLS) is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, Case studies, letter to editor, and review articles etc. covering a wide range of subjects in medicals and life sciences. <span lang="EN-US">All manuscripts are subject to peer review and are expected to meet standards of academic excellence. If approved by the editor, submissions will be considered by peer reviewers, whose identities will remain anonymous to the authors.</span></p> en-US (Editor MLS) ( System Administrator ) Wed, 05 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Epidemiology of Non-Addicted Schizophrenic Patients: Evidence from Pakistan <p>Whether key variances exist in the frequency of schizophrenia about addiction or nonaddiction is not simple. More work has been done on comorbid schizophrenia as compared to exclusive work on non-addicted schizophrenia persons due to strict inclusion criteria. In the present study, we enrolled only non-addicted schizophrenia persons and evaluated factors like Gender difference, low education status, non-biological beliefs, and old age to clear the picture of schizophrenia in Pakistan. This cross-sectional study conducted on 111 <br />participants included 81 patients and 30 controls. The non-addicted schizophrenia persons have participated in the present study were from the Punjab Institute of Mental Health (PIMH) Lahore and Blessings Drug Rehabilitation Centre Lahore and were fulfilling <br />diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM-IV) operational criteria. Data was collected via a questionnaire and analyzed on SPSS 16. The mean age of non-addicted schizophrenia persons was 35.42 years in the range of 18-65 years. Epidemiological results showed that <br />in the Pakistani population, there is no gender difference seen in the non-addicted schizophrenia persons. Hospital-visiting non-addicted schizophrenia persons have more biological beliefs (45.9 %) for their illness, and superstitious beliefs were at second. Among <br />the subtypes, the Catatonic subtype is more prominent and associated with low marriage outcomes. Paranoid patients have strong superstitious beliefs as they possess more hallucinations and delusions and report alien influence as the main reason of their illness. <br />Gender differences, low education status, non-biological beliefs and old age may not be considered prominent factors in the incidence of schizophrenia in the Pakistani population.</p> Ishrat Aziz, Jawaria Muzahir, Saadat Ali, Maria Anwar Khan, Atika Hashmi, Azka Asghar Copyright (c) 2023 Medical and Life Sciences Sat, 05 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0000