Journal of Excellence in Social Sciences <p>Journal of Excellence in Social Sciences is the flagship journal of the Society of Management Research and Consultancy (SMARCONS). The main goal of the Journal of Excellence in Social Sciences (JESS) is to publish original articles (Quantitative and Qualitative), book reviews and case studies in the field of social sciences with the aim to reduce the gap between academics, research and practice. JESS is open access, international, scholarly peer-reviewed research journal which publishes original research after double-blind peer review process.</p> Society of Management Research and Consultancy, London, UK en-US Journal of Excellence in Social Sciences The Cost-Benefit Analysis and Big Data Analytics of Adopting Solar Microgrids in Jordan's Rural Areas: Implications for Energy Policy and Sustainable Management <p>The transition to renewable energy sources is pivotal for both global sustainability and the economic vitality of developing nations. Yet, the specific determinants of economic viability in adopting solar microgrids remain underexplored, particularly in developing contexts like rural Jordan. This study utilizes Structural Equation. To examine how initial setup costs, ongoing maintenance costs, governmental subsidies, and the application of big data analytics influence the economic viability of solar microgrids. Data was collected via a questionnaire survey from various stakeholders involved in solar microgrid projects. The findings indicate that lower setup and maintenance costs, governmental subsidies, and the use of big data analytics are positively associated with economic viability. This study contributes to the literature by providing empirical evidence of these relationships in a rural Jordanian context and offers practical implications for both policymakers and practitioners.</p> Sajjad Nawaz khan Shafiq Ur Rehman Aqsa Iqbal Kashif Raza Ali Aslam Copyright (c) 2023 Sajjad Nawaz khan , Shafiq Ur Rehman, Aqsa Iqbal, Kashif Raza , Ali Aslam 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 2 2 Analysing the Metadiscourse Markers in the Conclusion Sections of Academic Research Articles: A Corpus-Based Study <p>Article writing plays a significant role in academic writing in all the major fields of education. According to Hyland (<a href="#hyland2004">2004</a>), analysing the text's metadiscourse can be valuable for examining academic writings and assessing multiple discourse communities' rhetorical characteristics and priorities. In academic writing, metadiscourse markers play a pivotal role in improving coherence and clarity. The current research aims to investigate the metadiscourse marker’s (MDM) frequency, percentage, differences, and implications in the academic research article’s conclusion. A mixed-methods approach has been used for the data analysis for the current study. Researchers have used Hyland's (2005) taxonomy model as a framework. Six selected meta-discourse markers— transitions, Endophoric markers, evidential, hedges, boosters, and attitude markers—have been selected to accomplish this analysis. The corpus of 11027 words has been collected from 60 research articles (15 from each) belonging to four disciplines: chemistry, biology, sociology, and sociolinguistics. MetaPak software is used as a tool for analysis to extract the above-mentioned selected markers. Further, manual analysis was done to see whether the software's results were authentic. The findings revealed that interactional metadiscourse markers were more frequent than interactive meta-discourse markers in conclusion sections of both social and natural sciences. Furthermore, hedges are the most frequent among the interactional discourse markers in the conclusion section. This study reveals that the frequent use of hedges indicates that the writers are not confident in their findings and opinions.</p> Ali Raza Benazir Qureshi Rahat Kashif Albassami Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Ali Raza, Benazir Qureshi, Rahat Kashif 2023-10-05 2023-10-05 2 2 1 16 A Thematic Analysis of Manto's Short Story 'Ullu ka Patha': Exploring the Sublime Message <p>Saadat Hasan Manto's short story, 'Ullu ka Patha,' delves deep into the intricacies of the human psyche, unraveling the complexities of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This literary gem showcases Manto's profound understanding of the human mind and its idiosyncrasies. In the narrative, Manto masterfully dissects the psychological aspects of OCD, painting a vivid portrait of the protagonist, Qasim, whose life is overshadowed by this condition. Manto's depiction of Qasim's obsessions is nothing short of extraordinary. The relentless urge to utter 'ullu ka patha' to someone becomes an all-consuming compulsion, an unrelenting force that dominates his thoughts and actions. Through Qasim's character, Manto skillfully explores the tormenting nature of intrusive thoughts and the debilitating impact of compulsive behaviors. Moreover, the story doesn't merely scratch the surface; it delves into the vicious cycle of OCD, portraying the cyclical nature of obsessions and compulsions, which traps Qasim in an inescapable web of torment. Manto's narrative not only entertains but also educates, shedding light on the often misunderstood world of mental health, making 'Ullu ka Patha' a timeless masterpiece that continues to captivate readers and scholars alike.</p> Syed Musa Kazim Warda Batool Nida Khan Ali Haider Khan Syed Azwar Abbas Faiza Mazhar Alvi Copyright (c) 2023 Syed Musa Kazim, Warda Batool, Nida Khan, Ali Haider Khan, Syed Azwar Abbas, Faiza Mazhar Alvi 2023-10-05 2023-10-05 2 2 17 23