Caregiver Stress, Marital Adjustment and Psychological Well-being in Caretakers of Older Adults


  • Shahzarey Ashraf University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Afifa Anjum University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saad Bin Masood Bahcesehir University, Turkey


Caregiver stress, Marital adjustment, Psychological well-being


The current research identifies the relationship between caregiver stress, marital adjustment, and psychological well-being in adult men and women. It is a cross-sectional study in which 100 married participants (50 males and 50 females) were taken for the survey living in intact families with at least one old parent. It was hypothesised that demographic variables are likely to be associated with study variables, and there is expected to be a relationship among study variables. It was also hypothesised that caregiver stress is expected to predict psychological well-being, and marital adjustment is likely to mediate the impact of caregiver stress on psychological well-being. Kingston Caregiver Stress Scale (Kilik & Hopkins, 2019), Couple Satisfaction Index (Funk & Rogge, 2007), and Psychological Well-being Scale (Stavraki et al., 2022) were used. Pearson product-moment correlation, mediation, and t-test analysis were employed. Results of this study showed that caregiver stress is negative, while marital adjustment positively correlates with psychological well-being. T-test revealed that men were found to have lower caregiver stress, higher marital adjustment, and higher psychological well-being than women. Mediation analysis showed that caregiver stress predicts psychological well-being and marital adjustment, which partially mediated the relationship between the other two variables, which was confirmed through the Sobel z-test. The research explains the possible solutions to caregiving problems and how married couples can balance out different roles in daily life to maintain their psychological well-being.




How to Cite

Ashraf, S., Anjum, A., & Masood, S. B. (2023). Caregiver Stress, Marital Adjustment and Psychological Well-being in Caretakers of Older Adults. Advanced Psychological Research, 1(2), 55–71. Retrieved from